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Doctor's Desk

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

What is Autism? 


Autism is a spectrum condition and affects people in different ways. Like all people, people with autism have their own strengths and weaknesses. Autism is a lifelong developmental condition and it affects how people communicate and interact in daily life. Autism can affect both children and adults with one in 100 people being on the spectrum. 


The traits of Autism usually tend to develop in the early years of childhood and are diagnosed as a result of behavioural observations. At present in the medical world, the causes of Autism are not fully known but there is strong evidence to suggest that genetic factors are involved.


Autism affects people in different ways which is why it is called a spectrum. It can affect some people very mildly whereas other people can be affected in much more severe ways. Asperger’s Syndrome is a condition on the Autistic spectrum but the term is now used less in recent years by professionals. 


Normally, Autism has been set out into three different divisions which consist of social communication, social interaction and social imagination. Social imagination can include restricted views and interests and/or repetitive interests. 


Below are some examples of the difficulties that Autistic people may face: 


Social Communication Difficulties:

  • Using and understanding facial expressions, tone of voice, and abstract language;

  • Taking  turns in a conversation – May only engage when talking about personal interests

Social Interaction Difficulties:

  • Understanding, expressing, and recognising other people's emotions

  • Expressing their own feelings

  • Filtering types of conversation that others may want to avoid 

Social Imagination – difficulties may include:

  • Understanding other peoples behaviour

  • Making sense of ideas that are abstract 

  • Thinking about situations that are not included in their daily routine

  • Avoidance of change to a routine

  • Unusual specific interests which may amount to obsessions.



How we can help 


It is never too late to get a diagnosis no matter what a person’s age. A diagnosis can be really helpful in allowing you to understand emotions and behaviour and to assist you in living a positive lifestyle. It is always advised to consult your doctor  or a consultant psychiatrist. If you have any questions at all, please use the contact button below. 

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